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Book of Philippians Teaching

 

Philippians Overview:

 

Philippians is the 50th book of the Bible, the 11th book of the New Testament, the 6th of Paul’s letters.

What distinction did the church at Philippi have?

First church in Europe, planted about AD 50 on Paul’s second missionary journey!

What province was Philippi in?

Macedonia!

Philippi is a city about 10 miles inland!

It was located on the Egnatian way, a major land route of Macedonia.

“When Paul sent Epaphroditus back to Philippi from Rome (2:25), the trip no doubt was via the Appian Way through Italy, followed by an 80 mile boat trip across the Sea of Adria, then the land journey on the Egnatian Way.” -Irving Jensen, p. 326, Jensen’s Survey of the NTt.  

In 350 B.C. the city was named after Philip of Macedon. Who was his son?

Alexander the Great!

Before that it had been called Krenides (Little Fountains).

It became a Roman Colony in 42 B.C., and had nearly 500,000 residents in Paul’s time.

The men of Philippi were thought to be more manly, like Romans!

That’s as opposed to philosophers like Athens or pleasure lovers like Corinthians. 

What did Philippi not have, though?

No synagogue.

How many Jewish male heads of households did it take to form a synagogue?

10

Read Acts 16:1-15                   Rest of chapter is so cool also!

On Paul’s second missionary journey, after being in Philippi he went to Amphipolis, Apollonia, Thessalonica, Berea, Athens, and Corinth!

Look at the map!

The church would have been about 10 years old when Paul wrote them!

Look at “the Place of the Christological Epistles in the New Testament.”

Philippians is the most joyful and hopeful letter of Paul!

The words rejoice and joy appear 17 times in 4 chapters, an average of once every 6 verses!

This joy and hope is found in the gospel of Jesus Christ.

The word gospel occurs 9 times in the letter, once every 12 verses!

That’s why when I preached 20 messages through Philippians every title had the word gospel in it, like “The Gospel Changes How We View Our Circumstances!”

Less censure and more praise than any other letter!

A key passage about Jesus is 2:5-11, sometimes called the “kenosis” passage. Kenosis means emptying, and this passage describes how Jesus could remain fully God while becoming fully man without diminishing His deity. He voluntarily chose not to use His divine power on earth for personal reasons.

I gave you Irving Jensen’s outline of Philippians to look at: isn’t it awesome?!

Christ our Life!   Christ our Pattern!   Christ our Goal!   Christ our sufficiency!

Like the other “prison epistles,” Timothy is listed as co-author!

Co-authors of Paul’s letters:

Book:

Author:

Co-author(s):

Delivered by:

Romans

Paul

Tertius

(writer)

Phoebe?

 

I Corinthians

Paul

Sosthenes

Stephanas? Fortunatus? Achaicus?

II Corinthians

Paul

Timothy

Titus + 2:

Tychicus? Trophimus?

Galatians

Paul

All the brothers    with me

 

Ephesians

Paul

Timothy

Tychicus?

 

Philippians

Paul

Timothy

Epaphroditus?

 

Colossians

Paul

Timothy

Tychicus?

Onesimus?

I Thessalonians

Paul

Silvanus

Timothy

 

 

II Thessalonians

Paul

Silvanus

Timothy

 

 

I Timothy

Paul

 

 

 

II Timothy

Paul

 

Tychicus?

 

Titus

Paul

 

Zenas?

Apollos?

Philemon

Paul

Timothy

Tychicus?

Onesimus?

 

What are some of your favorite verses in Philippians?

A Closer Look at Philippians:

1:3     I thank my God upon every remembrance of you!

1:6     God started the work in you, He’ll see it through!             Ephesians 2:10

Day of Christ         -         Joyful tone, not a sober tone!

1:7     We are partners in the defense and establishment of the gospel!

1:9-11          Great prayer!

1:12   Amazing perspective

1:20-30        One of the most amazing passages in the history of literature!

2:1-4            Humility!

2:5-11          The mystery of the incarnation explained!

Illustrates verses 1-4, but also very helpful Christology!

2:12-13        Work out what’s been worked in!

2:14   One of the first verses emblazoned in me by the Holy Spirit.

2:19-30        Timothy and Epaphroditus

3:1-11          All is dung compared to knowing Christ; beware false teachers!

3:12-21        Pursuing now our heavenly call!

4:1-3            Szygos, get Euodia and Syntyche to agree in the Lord!

4:4-9            Ammunition for our thought life!

                    4:9     What would Paul do?

Key question in quest for holiness: Can I thank God for this?

4:10-14        Thanks, and the key to contentment!

4:15-20        Thanks, and glory to God!

4:17             Key verse about eternal rewards!

Not the account at Paul’s bookstore, where thye could get a free Paul and Silas bobblehead if they sent enough money in, but their account in Heaven, the one Jesus encouraged people to store up treasure in!

4:21             Caesar’s household – Gentiles saved because of Paul’s witness while in the prison he wrote to the Philippians from!

Why would that really appeal to the Philippian Christians?

Paul had led the Philippian jailor and family to the Lord, and he is still involved in prison ministry!

What a beautiful book!

Love!           Truth!          Hope!