1st, 2nd, 3rd John OverviewSpeaker:
Dr. Danny Campbell
This young convert was deeply impressed and determined to make these the rules of his life. From that day onward throughout his life he made it a rule to spend the first moments of his day alone with God and God's Word. Before he read a letter, looked at a paper or even read a telegram, he went first to the Bible, that the first impression of the day might be what he got directly from God.
- Series: Bible Book Overview
- Scripture: 1 John; 2 John; 3 John
Recap of sections of the Bible:
Creation/ Fall/ Covering
Messianic Prophecies begin
12 Tribes/ Joseph and Judah
Mosaic Covenant/ Law
History (of Israel)
Conquest of Canaan
More Messianic Prophecies
Messianic Prophecies become clearer
Messianic Prophecies become startlingly clear!
Future of Israel and World sketched out
Day of the Lord
Jesus is the Messiah/ Son of Man
Jesus is the Son of God/ Jesus is God the Son
Jesus is the only way of salvation
The Great Commission
Acts (History of Early Church)
The Holy Spirit works through individuals and churches
Paul’s By Paul to specific churches and individuals
General By assorted other apostles to general audiences
Major doctrines explained/ clarified
Practical instructions to believers to live holy, set apart lives in this age of grace! Holiness is simply wanting to know Jesus and be like Him!
Ages to come are revealed, showing God keeping all yet to be fulfilled prophecies!
Counting the gospel of John, I, II, III John, and Revelation, how many chapters of the New Testament did John write?
Tradition has it that John survived all of the other apostles, having a long and full life and ministry. John probably wrote each of his 5 books after the rest of the New Testament was completed!
Look at Handout: The Life of John
Who was John’s father? Zebedee Matthew 4:21; Mark 1:19
Who was John’s mother? Salome Matthew 27:56; Mark 15:40
We know his brother was James and they were fishermen before Christ called them
We know that like Peter he was unschooled, with no formal rabbinical training.
If she was Mary’s sister, as some have surmised, then John and James were Jesus’ cousins.
Today we look at the 3 little letters the apostle John wrote, next time we begin looking at Revelation!
We already covered Jude with James, as they were both half-brothers of Jesus!
I, II, and III John are the 62nd-64th books of the 66 in the Bible; the 23rd-25th of the 27 in the New Testament; the 5th-7th of the 8 General Epistles.
Advanced in years, John writes out of concern for his spiritual children who are being enticed by the lure of worldliness and the lies of false teachers.
The letter was probably written in Ephesus, where John had an extended ministry in later years.
May have been written in the early 90’s AD, before the persecution under Emperor Domitian began around 95 AD.
I John does what I Peter and Jude does: challenges false doctrine and encourages believer’s to embrace the truth and walk in it!
Key word: The word LOVE appears more than 35 times in this letter, an average of once every three verses.
Of course for John, Jesus is the supreme example of love, and doing the things he has commanded us to do will lead to a life characterized by love!
Jesus had turned John from a “Son of Thunder” to an apostle of love! Luke 9:52-56
John never got over Jesus’ love for him, calling himself the disciple Jesus loved.
We should be like John: we should never get over the love of Jesus!
Another key word: Fellowship
Koinonea occurs 4 times in I John 1, tying 2 Corinthians as the place the word occurs most!
John wants his hearers to know how to experience true fellowship with God and each other!
John refutes those who denied Jesus’ incarnation, that He came in a human body (4:2-3).
This false teaching that he confronted was a forerunner of Gnosticism, which taught that matter was inherently evil and that spirit was essentially good.
This could be twisted to teach nonsense like, “You didn’t sin with that prostitute, your body did.”
II & III John:
Against false teachers who serve themselves, for believers walking in the truth!
Both probably written by John from Ephesus in the early 90’s AD.
Both open with John calling himself “The Elder.” Peter calls himself a fellow elder in I Peter 5. One of their apostolic functions was being proto-elders, whose humble and bold example should be followed by future elders over God’s elect!
John writes in 2 John to the elect lady and her children, probably a reference to the church. In verse 13 he sends greeting from the children of your elect sister, presumably the church at Ephesus!
John writes in 3 John to his friend Gaius who he loves in the truth. Gaius is probably a leader in a specific church.
3 John is written in part to help Gaius rebuke a church member that was acting like a lord over the affairs of the church.
Key Verses in I John:
1:5-2:2 Fellowship with God and one another by walking in the light.
I don’t want you to sin, but when you do, confess it to Jesus and receive His forgiveness!
2:1 Jesus as Advocate
Word is Paraclete; the same word Jesus used of the Holy Spirit in Upper Room Discourse!
2:9-11 Christians love other Christians!
2:15-17 Christians do not love the world!
Satan uses the Lust of the flesh, the lust of eyes, and the pride of life.
3:1-3 The hope that purifies!
3:4-10 Christians turn from their sins! Remember I John 1:9!
3:16-20 Christians use their resources to bless others!
4:1 Test the spirits because of false prophets
4:2-3 Reject teachers that deny Jesus’ humanity
4:4 Great promise! Greater is He who is in me than he who is in the world!
4:10 God says: “I loved you first, and I love you more!”
4:11 So love one another!
4:15 Reject teachers who deny Jesus’ divinity!
4:18-19 Perfect love drives out fear; we love Him because He first loved us!
5:4-5 It is our faith that overcomes the world!
5:6-8 Three that testify…
Water – probably a reference to Jesus’ baptism, when Spirit descended on Him and Father testified of Him!
Blood – probably a reference to Jesus death, fulfilling prophecy; JTB- Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!
KJV had much later transcripts saying, These 3 testify, Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit.
5:11-13 Written that you may know you have eternal life.
John believed in the doctrine of eternal security.
5:16 Sin that leads to death.
Rejection of Christ, failure to repent before death.
No use to pray for a person to be accepted by God apart from repentance!
5:21 Keep yourselves from idols!
Key Verses in II John:
If you love Jesus, you’ll keep His commands, you’ll walk according to them.
What is His command? To love one another, to walk in love!
Verse 7 Antichrist = denying what the Bible says about Jesus, that as God He came in the flesh!
Verse 8 Watch yourselves – don’t lose your reward!
There is a coming reward!
Don’t lose it!
Verse 9 If you remain in correct teaching about Christ, you have both Father and Son!
Verse 10 Don’t spend precious time with those who deny Jesus is God in flesh!
Key Verses in III John:
Verse 2 Prayer for the total person
Verse 4 The Shepherd’s verse!
No greater joy…than spiritual children walking in the truth!
Verse 5 Faith shown in loving deeds done toward other believers
Even strangers you didn’t know, but you know they are doing God’s work!
Verse 8 Support such men, becoming co-workers with the truth!
My saying about how everyone needs a personal strategy to fulfill the Great Commission!
Verse 11 Don’t imitate what is evil, but what is good!
Contrast between Diotrephes and Demetrius
Kind of a spiritual version of Goofus and Gallant!
Diotrephes has to have first place, often impedes God’s work and maligns God’s workers
Demetrius has a good testimony from God’s people and the truth!